- a formal notarial certificate attesting the fact that a check, note, or bill of exchange has been presented for acceptance or payment and that it has been refused.
- the action taken to fix the liability for a dishonored bill of exchange or note.
- (upon one's payment of a tax or other state or city exaction) a formal statement disputing the legality of the demand.
- a written and attested declaration made by the master of a ship stating the circumstances under which some damage has happened to the ship or cargo, or other circumstances involving the liability of the officers, crew, etc.
verb (used without object)
verb (used with object)
Origin of protest
Synonyms for protest
Antonyms for protest
- public, often organized, dissent or manifestation of such dissent
- (as modifier)a protest march
- a formal notarial statement drawn up on behalf of a creditor and declaring that the debtor has dishonoured a bill of exchange or promissory note
- the action of drawing up such a statement
- a formal declaration by a taxpayer disputing the legality or accuracy of his assessment
Word Origin for protest
c.1400, "avowal, pledge, solemn declaration," from Old French protest (Modern French prôtet), from preotester, and directly from Latin protestari "declare publicly, testify, protest," from pro- "forth, before" (see pro-) + testari "testify," from testis "witness" (see testament).
Meaning "statement of disapproval" first recorded 1751; adjectival sense of "expressing of dissent from, or rejection of, prevailing mores" is from 1953, in reference to U.S. civil rights movement. First record of protest march is from 1959.
mid-15c., "to declare or state formally or solemnly," from Old French protester, from Latin protestari "declare publicly, testify, protest" (see protest (n.)). Original sense preserved in to protest one's innocence. Related: Protested; protesting.