Words nearby sardonyx
What does sardonyx mean?
Sardonyx is a variety of the mineral chalcedony, a kind of quartz.
The bands of sardonyx are formed by alternating layers of the minerals sard and onyx. The color of the sard portion can range from yellow-red to a reddish-brown. Because the onyx portion can be banded, it can be considered a type of agate.
Sardonyx is known for its use to create carved gems known as cameos.
Example: I wear this sardonyx cameo amulet because I was born in August.
Where does sardonyx come from?
The first records of the word sardonyx come from the 1300s. It comes from the Greek sardónyx or sardonux. Sard comes from the Greek sardios, meaning “stone from Sardis.” The word onyx comes from the Greek ónyx, meaning “nail,” “claw,” or “veined gem.”
Sardonyx is actually two combined forms of the silica mineral chalcedony: sard and onyx. The red tone of the stone is dependent on the amount of iron oxide.
Sardonyx has been used since ancient times, including by the ancient Romans, for signet rings, seals, and cameos.
Did you know … ?
How is sardonyx used in real life?
Sardonyx is known for its use in cameos and as one of the birthstones for the month of August.
The Farnese Cup, 2nd c. BC.
It is the largest existing cameo in the world and was probably designed for ritual libations rather than for banquets. It is a cameo cup made of sardonyx agate.
— Digital Maps of the Ancient World (@DigitalMapsAW) March 13, 2021
Carnelians always bring an attention 🙂
Carnelian and sardonyx beads with the amulet pendants: gold shields and one with an "eye stone" (banded agate, against the evil eye).
The shields we can see in jewelry #Roman times, as earrings, brooches or pendants. #PalmyraSimilarities pic.twitter.com/wkIi5sATIM
— Maria Tatiana (@ColorsAndStones) January 27, 2021
#MineralMonday August's original birthstone is sardonyx. Its layers of sard and onyx create a reddish zebra-striped gemstone. Sardonyx has been popular throughout history, dating back to the Second Dynasty of Egypt over 4,000 years ago! pic.twitter.com/27ZMGALILO
— Britannia Museum (@BritanniaMine) August 27, 2018
Try using sardonyx!
True or False?
Sardoyx is a variety of the mineral chalcedony.
How to use sardonyx in a sentence
It is a cameo head of Elizabeth, cut in a sardonyx, and set in a gold ring, enamelled at the back.
Four lions' heads of pink sardonyx cast forth the water in thin jets into the pool.
Also, the beauteous Balkis sent King Solomon a precious goblet of carved sardonyx, of magnificent workmanship.
It touched me to think how often the author of Sardonyx has stood leaning his back against one of those giants—au piquet!
Sardonyx came of age nearly twelve years ago—what a coming of age that was the reader will remember well.