View synonyms for soliloquy


[ suh-lil-uh-kwee ]


, plural so·lil·o·quies.
  1. an utterance or discourse spoken to oneself, without regard for whether any other hearers are present (often used as a device in drama to disclose a character's innermost thoughts):

    Hamlet's soliloquy begins with “To be or not to be.”

  2. the act of talking while or as if alone.


/ səˈlɪləkwɪ /


  1. the act of speaking alone or to oneself, esp as a theatrical device
  2. a speech in a play that is spoken in soliloquy

    Hamlet's first soliloquy

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Soliloquy is sometimes wrongly used where monologue is meant. Both words refer to a long speech by one person, but a monologue can be addressed to other people, whereas in a soliloquy the speaker is always talking to himself or herself

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Word History and Origins

Origin of soliloquy1

First recorded in 1595–1605; from Late Latin sōliloquium “a talking to oneself, soliloquy,” equivalent to sōli- soli- 1 + loqu(ī) “to speak” + -ium -ium; -y 3

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Word History and Origins

Origin of soliloquy1

C17: via Late Latin sōliloquium, from Latin sōlus sole + loquī to speak

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Example Sentences

No matter what Cosby has said—on the driveway of one of his homes, in interviews, in recorded soliloquies—no claims of innocence were formally made or ever considered by appeals courts after Cosby’s 2018 conviction.

From Time

In her “Testament” solo, she incorporates an ASL soliloquy based on her journaling.

Each outing is part extended soliloquy but also part endless Q and A session.

The film opens on a tumbleweed blowing through the twilight streets of Los Angeles and closes with a cowboy soliloquy.

After his Green Eggs and Ham soliloquy, sanity left the building and a shutdown was almost inevitable.

Biden launched into a soliloquy in praise of double-barrel shotguns.

Biden began with a message for anybody who believes that Romney had “just made a mistake” when he made “that little soliloquy.”

In a tearful statement, he launched into a soliloquy about seeing himself free again playing with children, balloons, and dogs.

It seemed that whatever conversation there was going to be would have to take the form of a soliloquy from Clowes.

His language was faultless, his word selections beautiful, his soliloquy impressive beyond description.

A loud cry of a different kind here interrupted his soliloquy, and soon after the first cry was repeated louder than before.

As De Courval caught bits of the soliloquy under his window, he thought of his mother's wonder at this new and surprising country.

Then again there is the clue of Skakspere's use of the word "consummation" in the revised form of the "To be" soliloquy.


Related Words

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More About Soliloquy

What does soliloquy mean?

A soliloquy is a speech spoken to no one but oneself, even if other people are around. The word is most often used to describe such a speech in a play.

In a play, a soliloquy is performed alone, regardless of whether there are other actors present on the stage. Soliloquies are typically used to let the audience hear a character’s inner thoughts. In terms of theater, a soliloquy is different from a monologue, which is also a long speech, but is part of a conversation with someone else.

Example: The most famous soliloquy in theater is perhaps the one from Shakespeare’s Hamlet, which begins “To be, or not to be, that is the question.”

Where does soliloquy come from?

Soliloquy comes from the Late Latin word sōliloquium, which has the same meaning (“a talking to oneself”). This is formed from the Latin sōli-, meaning “sole” or “alone” (as in solitary), and loqu(ī), meaning “to speak” (as in loquacious). The suffix -y is used to form abstract nouns, like inquiry. The first records of soliloquy come from around 1600.

In theater, there are no voice-overs to let the audience know what a character is thinking. Enter the soliloquy, which allows a character to express their inner thoughts through a speech, especially a lengthy one. The soliloquy was a commonly used device in the days of playwrights like Christopher Marlowe and William Shakespeare, and its popularly continued for centuries. Twentieth-century playwrights like Arthur Miller still used soliloquies, but you’re probably less likely to see one in a modern production (perhaps because a character just standing there and talking to no one doesn’t seem all that realistic).

In everyday use, soliloquy is sometimes used as a synonym for monologue, but in the context of theater, they are technically different: a monologue is a long speech made by someone during a conversation with someone else, while a soliloquy is a speech by character that is not addressed to anyone. Both are different from an aside, in which a character addresses the audience.

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What are some other forms related to soliloquy?

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What are some words that share a root or word element with soliloquy

What are some words that often get used in discussing soliloquy?


What are some words soliloquy may be commonly confused with?

How is soliloquy used in real life?

Soliloquy is most often used in the context of theater, but it is sometimes used to refer to real-life solo speeches. Sometimes people use it to mean just about the same thing as monologue.



Try using soliloquy!

In technical terms, how is a soliloquy different from a monologue?

A. It is performed to the audience.
B. The character is talking only to themself.
C. Other actors are present onstage.
D. It tells what the character is thinking.