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surplus

[ sur-pluhs, -pluhs ]
/ 藞s蓽r pl蕦s, -pl蓹s /
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noun
something that remains above what is used or needed.
an amount, quantity, etc., greater than needed.
agricultural produce or a quantity of food grown by a nation or area in excess of its needs, especially such a quantity of food purchased and stored by a governmental program of guaranteeing farmers a specific price for certain crops.
Accounting.
  1. the excess of assets over liabilities accumulated throughout the existence of a business, excepting assets against which stock certificates have been issued; excess of net worth over capital-stock value.
  2. an amount of assets in excess of what is requisite to meet liabilities.
adjective
being a surplus; being in excess of what is required: surplus wheat.
verb (used with object), sur路plussed or sur路plused,sur路plus路sing or sur路plus路ing.
to treat as surplus; sell off; retire: The government surplussed some of its desert lands.
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SHALL WE PLAY A "SHALL" VS. "SHOULD" CHALLENGE?
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Question 1 of 6
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Origin of surplus

First recorded in 1325鈥75; Middle English, from Old French surplus, s(o)urplus, from Medieval Latin superpl奴s, equivalent to super- preposition and prefix + pl奴s neuter noun; see origin at super-, plus

synonym study for surplus

1. See remainder.

WORDS THAT MAY BE CONFUSED WITH surplus

surplice, surplus
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 漏 Random House, Inc. 2022

How to use surplus in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for surplus

surplus
/ (藞s蓽藧pl蓹s) /

noun plural -pluses
a quantity or amount in excess of what is required
accounting
  1. an excess of total assets over total liabilities
  2. an excess of actual net assets over the nominal value of capital stock
  3. an excess of revenues over expenditures during a certain period of time
economics
  1. an excess of government revenues over expenditures during a certain financial year
  2. an excess of receipts over payments on the balance of payments
adjective
being in excess; extra

Word Origin for surplus

C14: from Old French, from Medieval Latin superpl奴s, from Latin super- + pl奴s more
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition 漏 William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 漏 HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Cultural definitions for surplus

surplus

An unsold quantity of a good resulting from a lack of equilibrium in a market. For example, if a price is artificially high, sellers will bring more goods to the market than buyers will be willing to buy. (Compare shortage.)

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright 漏 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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