- the excess of assets over liabilities accumulated throughout the existence of a business, excepting assets against which stock certificates have been issued; excess of net worth over capital-stock value.
- an amount of assets in excess of what is requisite to meet liabilities.
verb (used with object), sur·plussed or sur·plused, sur·plus·sing or sur·plus·ing.
Origin of surplus
Can be confusedsurplice surplus
Examples from the Web for surplus
Scottish farmers had already been making whisky in the area for centuries with their surplus barley.
In September 2013, the government reported a surplus of $75.1 billion.
This is an era of change coming thick and fast after the war, and London is a city of surplus women and new class mobility.Sarah Waters’s New Novel Rewrites the Rules of Love|Lucy Scholes|September 20, 2014|DAILY BEAST
But we now have all this surplus military weaponry going to police forces.Rory Kennedy on ‘Last Days in Vietnam,’ the Parallels Between Vietnam and Iraq, and Ferguson|Marlow Stern|September 1, 2014|DAILY BEAST
Like surplus gear, a couple services are getting rid of people too.Downsizing the War: Layoffs and Yard Sales in Afghanistan|Nick Willard|August 1, 2014|DAILY BEAST
Burr, in committee, frankly declared that the surplus was to establish a bank, and Governor Jay signed the bill.The Life of John Marshall Volume 3 of 4|Albert J. Beveridge
Having completed the transfer, Ned counted the surplus left in the bag, and found it to be about 500 pounds.The Golden Dream|R.M. Ballantyne
The surplus leaf is brushed off, leaving only the design visible.The Building of a Book|Various
What do you suppose we'd be doin' with that surplus we'd accumulate?The Great American Pie Company|Ellis Parker Butler
Tastefully clad in a Navy surplus Long John, he started down the corridors.Industrial Revolution|Poul William Anderson
British Dictionary definitions for surplus
noun plural -pluses
- an excess of total assets over total liabilities
- an excess of actual net assets over the nominal value of capital stock
- an excess of revenues over expenditures during a certain period of time
- an excess of government revenues over expenditures during a certain financial year
- an excess of receipts over payments on the balance of payments
Word Origin for surplus
Culture definitions for surplus
An unsold quantity of a good resulting from a lack of equilibrium in a market. For example, if a price is artificially high, sellers will bring more goods to the market than buyers will be willing to buy. (Compare shortage.)