Origin of total

1350–1400; Middle English (adj.) < Medieval Latin tōtālis, equivalent to Latin tōt(us) entire + -ālis -al1
Related formsqua·si-to·tal, adjectivequa·si-to·tal·ly, adverbre·to·tal, verb (used with object), re·to·taled, re·to·tal·ing or (especially British) re·to·talled, re·to·tal·ling, nounsu·per·to·tal, nounun·to·taled, adjectiveun·to·talled, adjective

Synonyms for total

1. complete. 5, 6. gross, totality. 6. See whole.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


Examples from the Web for total

Contemporary Examples of total

Historical Examples of total

  • But the first words he uttered showed a total unconsciousness of past events.

    Philothea

    Lydia Maria Child

  • In other words Mr. Gladstone was threatened with total blindness.

    The Grand Old Man

    Richard B. Cook

  • George had often played with his own friends, but never before with total strangers.

    Life in London

    Edwin Hodder

  • All around and above the furnace, there was total obscurity.

    Sketches from Memory

    Nathaniel Hawthorne

  • The total weight of the monoplane with engine and propeller is 352 pounds.

    Flying Machines

    W.J. Jackman and Thos. H. Russell


British Dictionary definitions for total

total

noun

the whole, esp regarded as the complete sum of a number of parts

adjective

complete; absolutethe evening was a total failure; a total eclipse
(prenominal) being or related to a totalthe total number of passengers

verb -tals, -talling or -talled or US -tals, -taling or -taled

(when intr, sometimes foll by to) to amountto total six pounds
(tr) to add upto total a list of prices
(tr) slang to kill or badly injure (someone)
(tr) mainly US to damage (a vehicle) beyond repair
Derived Formstotally, adverb

Word Origin for total

C14: from Old French, from Medieval Latin tōtālis, from Latin tōtus all
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for total
adj.

late 14c., from Old French total, from Medieval Latin totalis "entire, total" (as in summa totalis "sum total"), from Latin totus "all, whole, entire," of unknown origin. Total war is attested from 1937, in reference to a concept developed in Germany.

n.

1550s, from total (adj.).

v.

1716, from total (n.). Meaning "to destroy one's car" first recorded 1954. Related: Totaled; totaling.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper