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What is Onam?

Onam is a 10-day Hindu harvest festival that culminates with a feast.

Onam is celebrated by Hindu people all over the world, but the festival originated with the Malayali people in the Kerala region of India. Onam is primarily a Hindu festival, but it’s sometimes observed as a cultural event by other Indians who are not Hindu.

⚡️When is Onam?

Onam takes place over a period of 10 days during the month of Chingam. The timing of the festival is based on the Malayalam calendar, which is a solar and sidereal calendar, and so the dates shift from year to year.  In 2023, Onam will take place from August 20 to August 31. In 2024, Onam will take place from September 5 to September 17.

Related words

🕉️ Om Symbol emoji, namaskar

Where does Onam come from?

The festival of Onam is believed to be based on the story of the benevolent demon King Mahabali, a popular ruler of Kerala. When Mahabali’s popularity began to threaten the gods, the god Vishnu visited him disguised as a beggar, and asked for all the land he could cover in three steps. The generous Mahabali agreed, but Vishnu grew in size until his first and second steps covered the whole world. When Mahabali offered his head for Vishnu’s third step, Vishnu rewarded Mahabali by allowing the king to return from the underworld to visit his kingdom once every year. Onam celebrates his return.

Each day of the festival has a different name and involves different traditional activities. On the first day of the festival, known as Atham, people decorate their houses with a yellow carpet made of flowers, called a pookalam (flowers are added each day after that). The second day of the festival is called Chithira and is when people clean their homes. On the third day, Chodi, family members get each other gifts of clothing and jewelry. The fourth day is called Vishakam and involves competitions and the start of preparations for the feast that will take place on the final day of the festival.

The fifth day, called Anizham, is when a famous boat race is held. The sixth day, Thriketa, is typically when schools close and preparations for the festival increase. The seventh day is called Moolam and features the start of dance performances. The eighth day, Pooradam, is when people clean the statues of King Mahabali and Vishnu in his disguise.

The ninth day is called Uthradom and is the day that King Mahabali is believed to return from the underworld.

The tenth and last day of the festival is called Thiruvonam. On this day, King Mahabali is said to visit the homes of all Malayali people, who pray, give gifts, and eat the feast known as Onasadya.

Examples of Onam

This is pookkalam (flower carpet) which is created during Onam in kerala.
@AkashHustle, October 28, 2019
i won't miss college that much when i graduate. but my heart will always crave for the shinkarimelam we play in the amphi during onam. it can't and won't be replaced.
@guyandtheworld, December 18, 2019
Most festivals centre around good food and Onam is no exception. Or perhaps it is. Onasadya as it is called is a spread where one indulges responsibly.
Ruth Dhanaraj, The Hindu, September 10, 2019

More information and context on Onam

Did you know … ?

  • One of the special dances done to celebrate Onam involves men dressed as tigers.
  • During Onam, many women wear distinctive white and gold saris.

What are other words used in discussion of Onam?

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