Cross-Race Effect

or CRE or Other-Race Effect or Own-Race Bias

What does Cross-Race Effect mean?

The Cross-Race Effect explains why some people are better at recognizing faces of people of their own race, rather than those of a different race.


It is sometimes called the Other-Race Effect or Own-Race Bias.

Examples of Cross-Race Effect


Examples of Cross-Race Effect
It seems that @FoxNews suffers from the psychological condition of “cross race effect” and it’s why diversity in the media is absolutely necessary! See pezdek, blandon-gitlin and Moore 2003 J of applied psychology vol 8, no 4
@MiaMBloom, August, 2018
we have to admit that we have own race bias.
@arriannaariff, August, 2018
'Psychologists have long documented the “own-race bias,” also known as “other-race effect,” the inability of humans to recognize and distinguish faces of people from races other than their own.'
@folukeifejola, April, 2018

Where does Cross-Race Effect come from?

The Cross-Race Effect was first studied in the early 1900s and coined by psychologists to explain why members of one race might metaphorically perceive that members of another race “all look alike.”

The phenomenon has been used to identify and explain one of the factors that may cause inaccuracies in eyewitness testimony. In the case of race, social scientists have found that witnesses often struggle to properly identify people of other races based on facial recognition, while they don’t have the same problems identifying someone of their own race. Hence, the reason this is also sometimes called Own-Race Bias or the Other-Race Effect.

Debate has long raged over whether or not the Cross-Race Effect is motivated by racism; however, several studies have determined that a person’s racial attitudes neither help nor hinder them on cross-racial identification tests. But, that doesn’t mean that the Cross-Race Effect can’t lead to discriminatory practices … as it is sometimes referred to as casual racism.

Who uses Cross-Race Effect?




Sign up for our Newsletter!
Start your day with new words, fun quizzes, and language stories.
  • This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.