Digital Words With An Analog Past

Digital

It’s hard to imagine how the word
digital
could describe anything other than the “smart” gadgets we can’t keep our hands off of. Far from the strings of 0s and 1s powering computerized technology today,

digital

once (quite simply) meant “pertaining to the fingers.” Makes sense, right?

Aside from the innovation of devices with instant access to the world's knowledge, the Digital Age is an incredible period that has contributed to how language evolves. The semantic development of d
igital
 from “fingers” to “computers” exemplifies this journey from
manus
("hands") to
machina
("machine") in our lexicon. What are some other digital words that have interesting
analog
pasts?

Broadcast

Now related to the global transmission of voice and image (radio and television),

broadcast

 was originally an agricultural term. In the late 1700s,
broadcasting
meant “widely dispersing seed upon the ground.” The farmer would
cast
or “fling” the seed across prepared soil.

The term was revamped in the 1920s with the rise of radio. Transmitting towers began casting signals out across a broad reception area, and media took flight (or fling?).

Backlog

A

backlog

of business orders is bittersweet; the orders keep coming in, but employees can’t process them fast enough so they begin to stockpile. Sales may be on the rise, but so is inefficiency. And, as businesses continue to go paperless, faster online transactions make backlogs more likely.

The

backlog

wasn’t always double-edged. In the late 1600s, the backlog was quite literally "the largest log, located toward the back of the fire." That log in the back would keep the flames burning. A couple centuries later, its original meaning influenced today’s definition: “something stored up for later use.” Of course, a backlog of backlogs may cause everything to go up in flames.

Matrix

In the 1300s, 600 years before Neo chose the Red Pill to reveal a sinister dystopian world, a

matrix

was a “pregnant animal” or “breeding female.” Then, the word referred to the “womb,” as well as to an “enclosure” or a “medium” in which new things originate and develop. This seems to be the strongest sense at play in the 1999 film
The Matrix
: humans trapped inside the ‘womb’ of the Matrix . . . their bodies forced to pump bioelectricity to generate its power.   



M


atrix

is a word used to describe several other concepts in digital technology (as a grid that defines spaces for pixels), mathematics, archeology, biology, and even linguistics. It seems this is a truly evolved word. 

Avatar

Avatars are thousands of years old, originating in Hindu mythology—you could say they’re the real millennials.  

The word

avatar

is Sanskrit and means “descent.” In Hindu myth, gods appeared on earth as avatars, bodies that gave holy spirits material form. Online communities and science-fiction creators adapted this term to mean some kind of “representation.” Inspired by Hindu myth, James Cameron’s Avatar is a remotely controlled form that “descends” on the moon Pandora to interact with the natives. Before this though, the computer gaming world had appropriated the term
avatar (
in the mid ’80s) for the game Habitat. That was the first time
avatar
described the image representing a user in a virtual environment. 

Dashboard

For most people,

dashboard

means the instrument panel of a vehicle. But more and more, people are recognizing digital
dashboards
as the interface tools on a website or technical device.

Go back 200 years, and the original

dashboard

was an important component of a carriage. It was a literal board at the front of the carriage to prevent mud from being dashed (or "splashed") into the vehicle by mudslinging horses. Now, instead of “splash stopping,” today’s tech
dashboards
are "motherboards" where users can dash off a bunch of actions at once.

Forum

Of the words here,

forum

’s ancient analog roots are generally known to anyone who studied Western civ. The predecessor for today’s
online forum
or "message board" is the Ancient Roman Forum. Of course, instead of communicating through posted messages, Romans expressed their views out loud. The art of oration or public speaking was highly valued —but only for adult male citizens. Now, millennia later, forums are for ‘em all!

Firewall

Since the 1990s, computers have been equipped with
firewalls,
or security measures that prevent unauthorized access to computer networks.

Like
dashboard
and other vocabulary repurposed by technology,

firewall

once had a literal meaning (and it’s not too hard to figure out). Yep,
firewalls
were once simply “walls for fire.” Beginning in the mid-1800s, some buildings have physical walls that are constructed to prevent flames from spreading. Same for cars and ships. So basically, computer firewalls are digital “walls for fire”—barriers against the fire of cyberattacks, hacks, and untrusted traffic. Sophisticated firewalls are crucial as global fire starters (hackers and cyberattacks) become more advanced.

Hacker

Modern-day

hackers

know their way around computers (and firewalls) and can work their magic in legitimate, helpful ways . . . or illegitimate and malicious ways.

Outside the domain of computer geekdom (or the person with a chest-wrenching cough), a
hacker
in the 1200s was a wood “chopper” or “cutter,” or someone who made tools for hacking wood. The toolkit for a medieval hacker was filled with fanciful-named items, like wymbylle, and skantyllyon. The computer definition of
hacker
 broke in in 1975, possibly associating illegal hacking with the medieval idea of “cutting” or “chopping” into a system without authorization. (Want to learn more about modern-day hackers? Check out the strange names of infamous hackers.) 

Network

Television

networks

are companies with transmitting stations that broadcast programs across a large area. Where does the
net
fit in? It doesn’t now, but back in the 1550s,

networks

were “net-like arrangements of threads and wires.”


Network
might be influenced by the Latin word used to describe a latticework design of brick and mortar, in a pattern resembling a net. The design was literally called a net work (
opus reticulatum
). Looking at a media network map is a lot like looking at a lattice . . . .

Tablet



Tablet

may call to mind Charlton Heston in
The Ten Commandments
brandishing the edicts on slabs of clunky stone . . . a bulky, heavy word so unlike the sleek, lightweight devices it describes now.

From the Old French
tablete
(“little table”),
tablet
appeared in English in 1300 to describe a flat slab, or plank, used to write on. Before paper, tablets were made of clay, wax-covered wood, or other soft surfaces that letters could be etched into. Sometimes several were secured together—the oldest steno pad ever! Incredibly,
tablet
and
pad
are words that encompass centuries of written communication and describe the highest and lowest technologies at once. 

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