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augmentative

[awg-men-tuh-tiv]
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adjective
  1. serving to augment.
  2. Grammar. pertaining to or productive of a form denoting increased size or intensity. In Spanish the augmentative suffix -ón is added to a word (as silla “chair”) to indicate increased size, as in sillón “armchair.”
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noun
  1. Grammar. an augmentative element or formation.
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Origin of augmentative

1495–1505; augment + -ative; replacing augmentatif < Middle French
Related formsaug·men·ta·tive·ly, adverbnon·aug·ment·a·tive, adjective, nounun·aug·ment·a·tive, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for augmentative

Historical Examples

  • A diminutive hardly seems the right kind of word under the circumstances; an augmentative would, perhaps, have been better.

    A History of Art in Ancient Egypt, Vol. II (of 2)

    Georges Perrot

  • For the word wizard, from witch, see the section on augmentative forms.

  • Note:—The rle of augmentative and diminutive suffixes in English is vastly less important than in Italian.

  • The augmentative forms, pre-eminently common in the Italian language, often carry with them a depreciating sense.

  • The MS. has Garees, a word not to be found in the dictionary, but evidently an augmentative of gara, a heron.


British Dictionary definitions for augmentative

augmentative

adjective
  1. tending or able to augment
  2. grammar
    1. denoting an affix that may be added to a word to convey the meaning large or great; for example, the suffix -ote in Spanish, where hombre means man and hombrote big man
    2. denoting a word formed by the addition of an augmentative affix
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noun
  1. grammar an augmentative word or affix
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Compare (for senses 2, 3): diminutive
Derived Formsaugmentatively, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for augmentative

adj.

c.1500, from Middle French augmentatif (14c.), from Latin augmentat-, stem of augmentare (see augment).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper