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90s Slang You Should Know

custom

[kuhs-tuh m] /ˈkʌs təm/
noun
1.
a habitual practice; the usual way of acting in given circumstances.
2.
habits or usages collectively; convention.
3.
a practice so long established that it has the force of law.
4.
such practices collectively.
5.
Sociology. a group pattern of habitual activity usually transmitted from one generation to another.
6.
toll; duty.
7.
customs.
  1. (used with a singular or plural verb) duties imposed by law on imported or, less commonly, exported goods.
  2. (used with a singular verb) the government department that collects these duties.
  3. (used with a singular verb) the section of an airport, station, etc., where baggage is checked for contraband and for goods subject to duty.
8.
regular patronage of a particular shop, restaurant, etc.
9.
the customers or patrons of a business firm, collectively.
10.
the aggregate of customers.
11.
(in medieval Europe) a customary tax, tribute, or service owed by peasants to their lord.
adjective
12.
made specially for individual customers:
custom shoes.
13.
dealing in things so made, or doing work to order:
a custom tailor.
Origin of custom
1150-1200
1150-1200; Middle English custume < Anglo-French; Old French costume < Vulgar Latin *co(n)s(uē)tūmin-, replacing Latin consuētūdin- (stem of consuētūdō), equivalent to consuēt(us) accustomed, past participle of consuēscere (con- con- + suē- (akin to suus one's own) + -tus past participle suffix) + -ūdin- noun suffix; cf. costume
Synonym Study
1, 2. Custom, habit, practice mean an established way of doing things. Custom, applied to a community or to an individual, implies a more or less permanent continuance of a social usage: It is the custom to give gifts at Christmas time. Habit, applied particularly to an individual, implies such repetition of the same action as to develop a natural, spontaneous, or rooted tendency or inclination to perform it: to make a habit of reading the newspapers. Practice applies to a set of fixed habits or an ordered procedure in conducting activities: It is his practice to verify all statements.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for custom
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Do your work honestly and thoroughly, even though it be the custom to do otherwise.

    Boys Anonymous
  • This colonelcy was an honorary title which he held by custom rather than by law.

    Jack O' Judgment Edgar Wallace
  • It was this lady's custom to walk among her flowers and fruit trees.

    Woman William J. Robinson
  • The ethics of Shinto were all included in conformity to custom.

    Folkways William Graham Sumner
  • It was an outrage on Oriental custom; and as such the narrative sets it before us.

    Modern Skepticism C. J. Ellicott
British Dictionary definitions for custom

custom

/ˈkʌstəm/
noun
1.
a usual or habitual practice; typical mode of behaviour
2.
the long-established habits or traditions of a society collectively; convention: custom dictates good manners
3.
  1. a practice which by long-established usage has come to have the force of law
  2. such practices collectively (esp in the phrase custom and practice)
4.
habitual patronage, esp of a shop or business
5.
the customers of a shop or business collectively
6.
(in feudal Europe) a tribute paid by a vassal to his lord
adjective
7.
made to the specifications of an individual customer (often in the combinations custom-built, custom-made)
8.
specializing in goods so made
See also customs
Word Origin
C12: from Old French costume, from Latin consuētūdō, from consuēscere to grow accustomed to, from suēscere to be used to
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for custom
n.

c.1200, "habitual practice," from Old French costume "custom, habit, practice; clothes, dress" (12c., Modern French coutume), from Vulgar Latin *consuetumen, from Latin consuetudinem (nominative consuetudo) "habit, usage, way, practice, tradition, familiarity," from consuetus, past participle of consuescere "accustom," from com-, intensive prefix (see com-), + suescere "become used to, accustom oneself," related to sui, genitive of suus "oneself," from PIE *swe- "oneself" (see idiom). Replaced Old English þeaw. Sense of a "regular" toll or tax on goods is early 14c. The native word here is toll.

adj.

"made to measure or order," c.1830, from custom (n.).

adj.

"made to measure or order," c.1830, from custom (n.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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