- causing biliousness.
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Origin of choleric
OTHER WORDS FROM cholericchol·er·i·cal·ly, chol·er·ic·ly, adverbchol·er·ic·ness, nounnon·chol·er·ic, adjectiveun·chol·er·ic, adjective
Words nearby choleric
What does choleric mean?
Choleric means easily angered or generally bad-tempered.
People described as choleric are grouchy all the time and prone to getting into arguments, often for very little reason.
The word choleric comes from the medieval notion that people’s personalities are based on the balance of four different types of elemental fluids in their body, called humors. A choleric person was thought to be generally irritable due to the amount of yellow bile, or choler, in their body.
Example: She was the kind of choleric person who would get into a fight over anything and everything.
Where does choleric come from?
The first records of choleric in English come from the early 1300s. It comes from the Medieval Latin colericus, meaning “bilious” (“having excess bile”). Bilious can also be a synonym of choleric meaning “easily angered.” Choleric is the adjective form of the noun choler, which can refer to yellow bile or to anger and irritability. The disease cholera gets its name from the same root.
In medieval physiology, a person’s disposition was thought to be based on whichever of the four elemental fluids in their body was most predominant. People who had a lot of phlegm were called phlegmatic and were said to be calm or perhaps apathetic. Those whose blood was said to rule their emotions were called sanguine and were thought to be cheerful. People with an excess of black bile were said to be melancholy—gloomy. Choler, or yellow bile, became associated with irritability, and those with too much of it were said to be choleric.
All of this was pseudoscience, but the adjectives that resulted from it are still used today. Sometimes you’ll see them as part of personality tests claiming to be able to label you with one or a combination of them. But they’re also used in a straightforward way to describe people’s overall temperaments. Choleric doesn’t just mean “angry”—you wouldn’t use it to describe someone who was angry in one particular situation. Instead, choleric is applied to the kind of people who have a short fuse and are just about always getting angry about something.
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What are some other forms related to choleric?
- choler (noun)
What are some synonyms for choleric?
What are some words that share a root or word element with choleric?
What are some words that often get used in discussing choleric?
How is choleric used in real life?
Sometimes, choleric is used in reference to the outdated idea of personalities being governed by bodily fluids. But it’s often used in a straightforward way to simply mean “bad-tempered.” It’s a bit more formal than describing someone as grouchy or grumpy.
If your opponent is of choleric temper, irritate him.
— Sun Tzu (@Sun_Tzu_Quotes) April 13, 2020
I feel like I really would have excelled in a time where you could blame all your problems on your choleric temperament.
— Julia Gulia 🌈 (@JRobb773) December 26, 2018
i used to be melancholic-choleric now i'm phlegmatic-choleric
— j. 👽 (@loudestdork) April 10, 2019
Try using choleric!
Which of the following words would NOT be used to describe someone considered choleric?
Example sentences from the Web for choleric
The opponents know this deep down, or at least fear it, and that is the true reason for their choleric obsession.
Habitually unable to contain his choleric temper, Kennedy cut loose when addressing his former Harvard chums in 1937.“The Patriarch”: Joseph Kennedy Sr.’s Outsized Life|Jacob Heilbrunn|November 21, 2012|DAILY BEAST
It was a strong and a choleric generation, but we did some things for which the world should thank us.Hugh Wynne, Free Quaker|S. Weir Mitchell
And so do those of contrary complexions; for that which is too much for a phlegmatic man, is not sufficient for a choleric.
Besides, I am credibly informed he is choleric and rash, so that he may be concerned in a duel.The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle, Volume I|Tobias Smollett
The choleric face which Mr Meagles turned upon him smoothed when he saw who it was, and he put out his friendly hand.Little Dorrit|Charles Dickens
The choleric Valentina was the author of this attack, and in less than a minute she had overwhelmed them with blows.The Fourth Estate, vol. 2|Armando Palacio Valds