VIDEO FOR DEADLY SINS
WATCH NOW: Who Invented The 7 Deadly Sins?
Do you know where the seven deadly sins came from ... and what they mean?
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Origin of deadly sins
Words nearby deadly sins
What are the seven deadly sins?
Where did the seven deadly sins come from?
While the concept of an inventory of moral offenses has roots in antiquity, Pope Gregory I first enumerated the seven deadly sins in the late 6th century. For his list, Gregory drew from the ideas of Evargius Ponticus, a 4th century Christian monk who identified eight evils humans should resist. Broadly speaking, the seven deadly sins function as ethical guidelines.
In his influential 13th-century text Summa Theologica, Christian theologian Thomas Aquinas further expounded on the seven deadly sins, which he called “capital vices.” To Aquinas, the seven deadly sins were the cause of all other offenses: “In this way a capital vice is one from which other vices arise.” Capital comes from the Latin caput, “head,” Aquinas explains. The head leads the body as the capital vices, chief among them pride and greed, lead to further immorality.
About a century after Aquinas published Summa Theologica, capital meant “deadly” in English. A capital crime or punishment, for instance, involved the loss of life, or the head, metaphorically. A “deadly” sin thus suggests a grave and destructive act. The seven deadly sins are also called cardinal sins, with cardinal meaning “fundamental” and echoing capital’s sense of causation.
The seven deadly sins also have counterparts, the seven heavenly virtues: humility (opposed to pride), kindness (envy), temperance (gluttony), charity (greed), chastity (lust), diligence (sloth), and patience (wrath).
Many great works of literature have explored the seven deadly sins, including Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales, Dante’s Purgatorio, and Edmund Spenser’s The Fairie Queene. Sixteenth-century Dutch-Flemish Renaissance master Brueghel the Elder strikingly painted all seven deadly sins, as did American painter Paul Cadmus some 400 years later. In popular culture, the seven deadly sins inspired the plot of the 1995 thriller Seven and a manga/anime series, The Seven Deadly Sins.
How to use the seven deadly sins
Outside of art, literature, and theology, writers and presenters often employ the seven deadly sins as a device to advise against poor practices in a particular line of work, activity, or phenomenon. For instance: the Seven Deadly Sins of American Politics, the Seven Deadly Sins of Punctuation, the Seven Deadly Sins of PowerPoint Presentations, the Seven Deadly Sins of Financial Management.
The seven deadly sins also enjoy wide use as a common cultural reference, often with playful variations on the classic sins, across a variety of registers.
More examples of the seven deadly sins:
“They will ultimately be discomfited by the fact that envy is the only one of the seven deadly sins that does not give the sinner even momentary pleasure.”
—George Will, “What Bernie Sanders doesn’t understand about economic equality,” The Washington Post (October 16, 2015)
“The concept of the Seven Deadly Sins has at least this to be said for it: that it does not allow us to compartmentalize our lives, any more than it lets us image we can sin in compartments.”
—Henry Fairlie, The Seven Deadly Sins Today (2015)
This content is not meant to be a formal definition of this term. Rather, it is an informal summary that seeks to provide supplemental information and context important to know or keep in mind about the term’s history, meaning, and usage.
How to use deadly sins in a sentence
The comedian responded to the deadly attack on a French satirical magazine by renewing his recent criticisms of the Islamic faith.Bill Maher: Hundreds of Millions of Muslims Support Attack on ‘Charlie Hebdo’|Lloyd Grove|January 8, 2015|DAILY BEAST
Gunshots rang out in Paris this morning on a second day of deadly violence that has stunned the French capital.
Shortly after dawn, there was another outbreak of deadly force.
Whatever the reason, and however absurd their beliefs may seem, American evangelicals are deadly serious.
The church would “keep people separated from their families,” Fenner says, while “being dealt with for sexual sins.”
Greater mischiefs happen often from folly, meanness, and vanity than from the greater sins of avarice and ambition.Pearls of Thought|Maturin M. Ballou
There is a fascination in serpents, and there is one far more deadly—who has not felt it?
I found that I had been allowed to acquire certain bad habits and besetting sins—most people do.The Salvaging Of Civilisation|H. G. (Herbert George) Wells
When the father had finished, he stabbed his wife, telling her to repent of her sins and to confess to God who would pardon her.
And they sought out all iniquities, till vengeance came upon them, and put an end to all their sins.The Bible, Douay-Rheims Version|Various