- assets remaining after deduction of liabilities; the net worth of a business.
- the ownership interest in a business.
Origin of capital1
Synonyms for capital
Antonyms for capital
Origin of capital2
Related Words for capitalcentral, money, financing, investment, business, cash, metropolis, municipality, prime, major, dominant, leading, primary, chief, cardinal, fundamental, basic, principal, first, fly
Examples from the Web for capital
Contemporary Examples of capital
Gunshots rang out in Paris this morning on a second day of deadly violence that has stunned the French capital.France Mourns—and Hunts
Nico Hines, Christopher Dickey
January 8, 2015
The mistletoe must have been hanging right across the aisle on Capital Hill.Congress’ Gift That Keeps on Giving
P. J. O’Rourke
December 20, 2014
The second major split between the capital and the court occurred over oral care.The French Court’s Royal Ban on Smiles
December 14, 2014
Ah, gay Paree—the French capital has practically announced its own LGBT friendliness since the Belle Époque.
And the capital city is a veritable utopia of acceptance and integration.
Historical Examples of capital
Do this up to the limit of your capital and I will make good anything you lose.
And then we'll have to see about getting all our capital here.
We formed a partnership, with a capital of sixty thousand dollars.Within the Law
"He'll make a capital workman one of these days," she would probably say.Biographical Stories
They pay taxes on their capital and surplus, not on their loans.Dust
Mr. and Mrs. Haldeman-Julius
- the seat of government of a country or other political unit
- (as modifier)a capital city
- the ownership interests of a business as represented by the excess of assets over liabilities
- the nominal value of the authorized or issued shares
- (as modifier)capital issues
- a capital letterAbbreviation: cap., cap
- (as modifier)capital B
Word Origin for capital
Word Origin for capital
early 13c., "of or pertaining to the head," from Old French capital, from Latin capitalis "of the head," hence "capital, chief, first," from caput (genitive capitis) "head" (see capitulum).
Meaning "principal" is early 15c. Of letters, "upper case," from late 14c. A capital crime (1520s) is one that affects the life or "head;" capital had a sense of "deadly, mortal" from late 14c. in English, a sense also found in Latin. The felt connection between "head" and "life, mortality" also existed in Old English: e.g. heafodgilt "deadly sin, capital offense," heafdes þolian "to forfeit life." Capital punishment was in Blackstone (1765) and classical Latin capitis poena.
Capital gain is recorded from 1921. Capital goods is recorded from 1899. Of ships, "first-rate, of the line," attested from 1650s. Related: Capitally.
early 15c., "a capital letter," from capital (adj.). The meaning "capital city" is first recorded 1660s (the Old English word was heafodstol). The financial sense is from 1610s (Middle English had chief money "principal fund," mid-14c.), from Medieval Latin capitale "stock, property," noun use of neuter of capitalis "capital, chief, first." (The noun use of this adjective in classical Latin was for "a capital crime.")
[The term capital] made its first appearance in medieval Latin as an adjective capitalis (from caput, head) modifying the word pars, to designate the principal sum of a money loan. The principal part of a loan was contrasted with the "usury"--later called interest--the payment made to the lender in addition to the return of the sum lent. This usage, unknown to classical Latin, had become common by the thirteenth century and possibly had begun as early as 1100 A.D., in the first chartered towns of Europe. [Frank A. Fetter, "Reformulation of the Concepts of Capital and Income in Economics and Accounting," 1937, in "Capital, Interest, & Rent," 1977]
"head of a column or pillar," late 13c., from Anglo-French capitel, Old French chapitel, or directly from Latin capitellum "little head," diminutive of caput (see capitulum).
In architecture, the top portion of a column.
Money used to finance the purchase of the means of production, such as machines, or the machines themselves.
see make capital out of.