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[gahr-nit] /ˈgɑr nɪt/
any of a group of hard, vitreous minerals, silicates of calcium, magnesium, iron, or manganese with aluminum or iron, varying in color: a deep-red transparent variety is used as a gem and as an abrasive.
a deep-red color.
Origin of garnet
1275-1325; Middle English garnet, gernate < Old French gernate, grenade < Latin grānātum granular; cf. pomegranate
Related forms
garnetlike, adjective


[gahr-nit] /ˈgɑr nɪt/
Henry Highland, 1815–82, U.S. clergyman and abolitionist. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for garnet
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Hessonite is rather a soft stone, its hardness being about that of quartz or 7, whilst the hardness of most garnet reaches 7.5.

  • He stopped and looked at garnet in order to see the effect of the information.

    Love Among the Chickens P. G. Wodehouse
  • And oh, why didnt I have regular gold hair like yours instead of this garnet mane?

    Out of the Air Inez Haynes Irwin
  • To garnet's chagrin the Irish gentleman and his daughter also rose.

    Love Among the Chickens P. G. Wodehouse
  • Major garnet pressed forward to where, at the team's left, the owner of these chattels sat on his ill-conditioned horse.

    John March, Southerner George W. Cable
  • garnet dropped the handle, Ukridge dropped the jug, Mrs. Ukridge screamed.

    Love Among the Chickens P. G. Wodehouse
  • garnet, the Gunpowder-Plot Jesuit, also contributed to the ghastly triumphs of justice.

    Old and New London Walter Thornbury
British Dictionary definitions for garnet


any of a group of hard glassy red, yellow, or green minerals consisting of the silicates of calcium, iron, manganese, chromium, magnesium, and aluminium in cubic crystalline form: used as a gemstone and abrasive. Formula: A3B2(SiO4)3 where A is a divalent metal and B is a trivalent metal
Derived Forms
garnet-like, adjective
Word Origin
C13: from Old French grenat, from grenat (adj) red, from pome grenatepomegranate


(nautical) a tackle used for lifting cargo
Word Origin
C15: probably from Middle Dutch garnaat
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for garnet

early 14c., metathesized from Old French grenat "garnet," originally an adjective, "of a dark red color," from Medieval Latin granatum, originally an adjective, "of dark red color," perhaps abstracted from pomegranate (q.v.), from the stone's resemblance either to the shape of the seeds or the color of the pulp. But perhaps the word is from Medieval Latin granum "grain," in its sense of "cochineal, red dye."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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garnet in Science
Any of several common red, brown, black, green, or yellow minerals having the general chemical formula A3B2SiO8, where A is either calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), iron (Fe), or manganese (Mn) and B is either aluminum (Al), manganese, iron, chromium (Cr), or vanadium (V). Garnet crystals are dodecahedral in shape, transparent to semitransparent, and have a vitreous luster. They usually occur in metamorphic rocks but also occur in igneous and sedimentary rocks.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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