analogy

[ uh-nal-uh-jee ]
/ əˈnæl ə dʒi /

noun, plural a·nal·o·gies.

a similarity between like features of two things, on which a comparison may be based: the analogy between the heart and a pump.
similarity or comparability: I see no analogy between your problem and mine.
Biology. an analogous relationship.
Linguistics.
  1. the process by which words or phrases are created or re-formed according to existing patterns in the language, as when shoon was re-formed as shoes, when -ize is added to nouns like winter to form verbs, or when a child says foots for feet.
  2. a form resulting from such a process.
Logic. a form of reasoning in which one thing is inferred to be similar to another thing in a certain respect, on the basis of the known similarity between the things in other respects.

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Origin of analogy

1530–40; <Latin analogia<Greek. See analogous, -y3
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

Example sentences from the Web for analogy

British Dictionary definitions for analogy

analogy
/ (əˈnælədʒɪ) /

noun plural -gies

agreement or similarity, esp in a certain limited number of features or details
a comparison made to show such a similarityto draw an analogy between an atom and the solar system
biology the relationship between analogous organs or parts
logic maths a form of reasoning in which a similarity between two or more things is inferred from a known similarity between them in other respects
linguistics imitation of existing models or regular patterns in the formation of words, inflections, etca child may use ``sheeps'' as the plural of ``sheep'' by analogy with ``dog'', ``dogs'', ``cat'', ``cats'', etc

Derived forms of analogy

analogical (ˌænəˈlɒdʒɪkəl) or analogic, adjectiveanalogically, adverbanalogist, noun

Word Origin for analogy

C16: from Greek analogia ratio, correspondence, from analogos analogous
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Cultural definitions for analogy

analogy
[ (uh-nal-uh-jee) ]

A comparison of two different things that are alike in some way (see metaphor and simile). An analogy attributed to Samuel Johnson is: “Dictionaries are like watches; the worst is better than none, and the best cannot be expected to go quite true.”

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.