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burden

1
[ bur-dn ]
/ ˈbɜr dn /
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See synonyms for: burden / burdened / burdening / burdens on Thesaurus.com

noun
verb (used with object)
to load heavily.
to load oppressively; trouble.
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Origin of burden

1
First recorded before 1000; Middle English, birthen, birden, Old English byrthen; akin to German Bürde, Gothic baurthei; see also bear1

synonym study for burden

1. See load.

OTHER WORDS FROM burden

bur·den·er, nounbur·den·less, adjective

Other definitions for burden (2 of 2)

burden2
[ bur-dn ]
/ ˈbɜr dn /

noun
the main point, message, or idea.
Music. the refrain or recurring chorus of a song.

Origin of burden

2
First recorded in 1300–50; Middle English bordoun, burdoun “drone, bass,” from Old French bourdon “droning sound, instrument making such a sound”
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023

How to use burden in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for burden (1 of 2)

burden1
/ (ˈbɜːdən) /

noun
something that is carried; load
something that is exacting, oppressive, or difficult to bearthe burden of responsibility Related adjective: onerous
nautical
  1. the cargo capacity of a ship
  2. the weight of a ship's cargo
verb (tr)
(sometimes foll by up) to put or impose a burden on; load
to weigh down; oppressthe old woman was burdened with cares

Word Origin for burden

Old English byrthen; related to beran to bear 1, Old Frisian berthene burden, Old High German burdin

British Dictionary definitions for burden (2 of 2)

burden2
/ (ˈbɜːdən) /

noun
a line of words recurring at the end of each verse of a ballad or similar song; chorus or refrain
the principal or recurrent theme of a speech, book, etc
another word for bourdon

Word Origin for burden

C16: from Old French bourdon bass horn, droning sound, of imitative origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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