See more synonyms for cram on
verb (used with object), crammed, cram·ming.
  1. to fill (something) by force with more than it can easily hold.
  2. to force or stuff (usually followed by into, down, etc.).
  3. to fill with or as with an excessive amount of food; overfeed.
  4. Informal.
    1. to prepare (a person), as for an examination, by having him or her memorize information within a short period of time.
    2. to acquire knowledge of (a subject) by so preparing oneself.
  5. Archaic. to tell lies to.
verb (used without object), crammed, cram·ming.
  1. to eat greedily or to excess.
  2. to study for an examination by memorizing facts at the last minute.
  3. to press or force accommodation in a room, vehicle, etc., beyond normal or comfortable capacity; crowd; jam: The whole team crammed into the bus.
  1. Informal. the act of cramming for an examination.
  2. a crammed state.
  3. a dense crowd; throng.

Origin of cram

before 1000; Middle English crammen, Old English crammian to stuff, akin to crimman to put in
Related formscram·ming·ly, adverbwell-crammed, adjective

Synonyms for cram

See more synonyms for on Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for cramming

Contemporary Examples of cramming

  • And cramming this law down the throats of states that prefer less expansive gun laws is a serious blow to advocates of federalism.

    The Daily Beast logo
    Where's the Federalism on Guns, GOP?

    Justin Green

    April 17, 2013

  • And though not yet fluent, Wittstock is currently cramming in French lessons.

    The Daily Beast logo
    The Other Royal Wedding

    Isabel Wilkinson

    June 29, 2011

Historical Examples of cramming

  • Do look at Broadbent cramming his spiritual pabulum into that girl's mouth.

    Audrey Craven

    May Sinclair

  • Cramming has been brought throughout Germany to the level of a fine art.

    The Curse of Education

    Harold E. Gorst

  • Carefully consider your experience from cramming your lessons.

    The Mind and Its Education

    George Herbert Betts

  • On the night that Boggs dropped in on them, Jimmy and Pellams were cramming alone.

    Stanford Stories

    Charles K. Field

  • I think it is low Thus to be stuffing and cramming your maw, Robbing the farmers!


    Susan Coolidge

British Dictionary definitions for cramming


verb crams, cramming or crammed
  1. (tr) to force (people, material, etc) into (a room, container, etc) with more than it can hold; stuff
  2. to eat or cause to eat more than necessary
  3. informal to study or cause to study (facts, etc), esp for an examination, by hastily memorizing
  1. the act or condition of cramming
  2. a crush

Word Origin for cram

Old English crammian; related to Old Norse kremja to press


  1. Steve. born 1960, English middle-distance runner: European 1500 m champion (1981, 1986); world 1500 m champion (1983)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for cramming



Old English crammian "press something into something else," from Proto-Germanic *kram-/*krem- (cf. Old High German krimman "to press, pinch," Old Norse kremja "to squeeze, pinch"), from PIE root *ger- "to gather" (cf. Sanskrit gramah "heap, troop," Old Church Slavonic gramota "heap," Latin gremium "bosom, lap"). Meaning "study intensely for an exam" originally was British student slang first recorded 1803. Related: Crammed; cramming.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper