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review

[ri-vyoo]
noun
  1. a critical article or report, as in a periodical, on a book, play, recital, or the like; critique; evaluation.
  2. the process of going over a subject again in study or recitation in order to fix it in the memory or summarize the facts.
  3. an exercise designed or intended for study of this kind.
  4. a general survey of something, especially in words; a report or account of something.
  5. an inspection or examination by viewing, especially a formal inspection of any military or naval force, parade, or the like.
  6. a periodical publication containing articles on current events or affairs, books, art, etc.: a literary review.
  7. a judicial reexamination, as by a higher court, of the decision or proceedings in a case.
  8. a second or repeated view of something.
  9. a viewing of the past; contemplation or consideration of past events, circumstances, or facts.
  10. Bridge. a recapitulation of the bids made by all players.
  11. Theater. revue.
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verb (used with object)
  1. to go over (lessons, studies, work, etc.) in review.
  2. to view, look at, or look over again.
  3. to inspect, especially formally or officially: to review the troops.
  4. to survey mentally; take a survey of: to review the situation.
  5. to discuss (a book, play, etc.) in a critical review; write a critical report upon.
  6. to look back upon; view retrospectively.
  7. to present a survey of in speech or writing.
  8. Law. to reexamine judicially: a decision to review the case.
  9. Bridge. to repeat and summarize (all bids made by the players).
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verb (used without object)
  1. to write reviews; review books, movies, etc., as for a newspaper or periodical: He reviews for some small-town newspaper.
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Origin of review

1555–65; < Middle French revue, noun use of feminine past participle of revoir to see again ≪ Latin revidēre, equivalent to re- re- + vidēre to see; see view
Related formsre·view·a·ble, adjectivere·view·a·bil·i·ty, nounre·view·less, adjectivenon·re·view·a·bil·i·ty, nounnon·re·view·a·ble, adjectivepre·re·view, noun, verb (used with object)re·re·view, verbun·re·view·a·ble, adjectiveun·re·viewed, adjectivewell-re·viewed, adjective
Can be confusedreview revue (see synonym study at the current entry)

Synonyms

1. Review, criticism imply careful examination of something, formulation of a judgment, and statement of the judgment, usually in written form. A review is a survey over a whole subject or division of it, or especially an article making a critical reconsideration and summary of something written: a review of the latest book on Chaucer. A criticism is a judgment, usually in an article, either favorable or unfavorable or both: a criticism of a proposed plan. The words are interchanged when referring to motion pictures or theater, but review implies a somewhat less formal approach than criticism in referring to literary works: movie reviews; play reviews; book reviews. 8. reconsideration, reexamination. 16. criticize.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for prereview

review

verb (mainly tr)
  1. to look at or examine againto review a situation
  2. to look back upon (a period of time, sequence of events, etc); rememberhe reviewed his achievements with pride
  3. to inspect, esp formally or officiallythe general reviewed his troops
  4. to read through or go over in order to correct
  5. law to re-examine (a decision) judicially
  6. to write a critical assessment of (a book, film, play, concert, etc), esp as a profession
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noun
  1. Also called: reviewal the act or an instance of reviewing
  2. a general survey or reporta review of the political situation
  3. a critical assessment of a book, film, play, concert, etc, esp one printed in a newspaper or periodical
    1. a publication containing such articles
    2. (capital when part of a name)the Saturday Review
  4. a second consideration; re-examination
  5. a retrospective survey
  6. a formal or official inspection
  7. US and Canadian the process of rereading a subject or notes on it, esp in preparation for an examinationAlso called (in Britain and certain other countries): revision
  8. law judicial re-examination of a case, esp by a superior court
  9. a less common spelling of revue
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Derived Formsreviewable, adjectivereviewer, noun

Word Origin

C16: from French, from revoir to see again, from Latin re- re- + vidēre to see
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for prereview

review

n.

mid-15c., "an inspection of military forces," from Middle French reveue "a reviewing, review," noun use of fem. past participle of reveeir "to see again, go to see again," from Latin revidere, from re- "again" (see re-) + videre "to see" (see vision). Sense of "process of going over again" is from 1560s; that of "a view of the past, a retrospective survey" is from c.1600. Meaning "general examination or criticism of a recent work" is first attested 1640s.

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review

v.

1570s, "examine again," from re- + view (v.). Meaning "look back on" is from 1751; that of "consider or discuss critically" is from 1781. Related: Reviewed; reviewing.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper