race

1
[reys]
||

noun

verb (used without object), raced, rac·ing.

verb (used with object), raced, rac·ing.


Nearby words

  1. rac,
  2. raccoon,
  3. raccoon dog,
  4. raccoon eyes,
  5. raccoon river,
  6. race meeting,
  7. race music,
  8. race norming,
  9. race off,
  10. race plate

Origin of race

1
1250–1300; (noun) Middle English ras(e) < Old Norse rās a running, race (cognate with Old English rǣs a running); (v.) Middle English rasen, derivative of the noun (compare Old Norse rasa to rush headlong)

Related formsan·ti·rac·ing, adjectivepre·rac·ing, adjectivepro·rac·ing, adjective

race

2
[reys]

noun

a group of persons related by common descent or heredity.
a population so related.
Anthropology.
  1. (no longer in technical use) any of the traditional divisions of humankind, the commonest being the Caucasian, Mongoloid, and Negro, characterized by supposedly distinctive and universal physical characteristics.
  2. an arbitrary classification of modern humans, sometimes, especially formerly, based on any or a combination of various physical characteristics, as skin color, facial form, or eye shape, and now frequently based on such genetic markers as blood groups.
  3. a socially constructed category of identification based on physical characteristics, ancestry, historical affiliation, or shared culture: Her parents wanted her to marry within her race.
  4. a human population partially isolated reproductively from other populations, whose members share a greater degree of physical and genetic similarity with one another than with other humans.
a group of tribes or peoples forming an ethnic lineage: the Slavic race.
any people united by common history, language, cultural traits, etc.: the Dutch race.
the human race or family; humankind: Nuclear weapons pose a threat to the race.
Zoology. a variety; subspecies.
a natural kind of living creature: the race of fishes.
any group, class, or kind, especially of persons: Journalists are an interesting race.
the characteristic taste or flavor of wine.

adjective

of or relating to the races of humankind.

Origin of race

2
1490–1500; < French < Italian razza, of obscure origin

Synonym study

1. Race, people, ethnicity, ethnic group, and nation are terms for a large body of persons who may be thought of as a unit because of common characteristics. Race is no longer in technical use as a biological or anthropological system of classification (see usage note). In certain broader or less technical senses, race is sometimes used interchangeably with people. People refers to a body of persons united usually by common interests, ideals, or culture but sometimes also by a common history, or language: We are one people; the peoples of the world; the Swedish people. As with people , members of an ethnicity or ethnic group are united by a shared culture or culture of origin and sometimes shared history, language, or religion, especially in contrast to the culture of a different group: Several ethnicities were represented in the pride parade. Hostility between ethnic groups divided the region. Nation refers to a current or historical body of persons living under an organized government or rule, occupying a defined area, and acting as a unit in matters of peace and war: the English nation; the Phoenician nation.

Usage note

Genetic evidence has undermined the idea of racial divisions of the human species and rendered race obsolete as a biological system of classification. Race therefore should no longer be considered as an objective category, as the term formerly was in expressions like the Caucasian race, the Asian race, the Hispanic race. Instead, if the reference is to a particular inherited physical trait, as skin color or eye shape, that salient feature should be mentioned specifically: discrimination based on color. Rather than using race to generalize about national or geographic origin, or even religious affiliation, it is better to be specific: South Korean, of Polish descent. References to cultural affiliation may refer to ethnicity or ethnic group: Kurdish ethnicity, Hispanic ethnicity. Though race is no longer considered a viable scientific categorization of humans, it continues to be used by the U.S. Census to refer to current prevalent categories of self-identification that include some physical traits, some historical affiliations, and some national origins: black, white, American Indian, Chinese, Samoan, etc. The current version of the census also asks whether or not Americans are of Hispanic origin, which is not considered a race . There are times when it is still accurate to talk about race in society. Though race has lost its biological basis, the sociological consequences of historical racial categories persist. For example, it may be appropriate to invoke race to discuss social or historical events shaped by racial categorizations, as slavery, segregation, integration, discrimination, equal employment policy. Often in these cases, the adjective “racial” is more appropriate than the noun “race.” While the scientific foundation for race is now disputed, racial factors in sociological and historical contexts continue to be relevant.

race

3
[reys]

noun

the root of the ginger plant; a gingerroot.

Origin of race

3
1540–50; < Middle French rais < Latin rādīc- (stem of rādīx) root1

Race

[reys]

noun

Cape, a cape at the SE extremity of Newfoundland.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for race


British Dictionary definitions for race

race

1

noun

a contest of speed, as in running, swimming, driving, riding, etc
any competition or rivalrythe race for the White House
rapid or constant onward movementthe race of time
a rapid current of water, esp one through a narrow channel that has a tidal range greater at one end than the other
a channel of a stream, esp one for conducting water to or from a water wheel or other device for utilizing its energya mill race
  1. a channel or groove that contains ball bearings or roller bearings or that restrains a sliding component
  2. the inner or outer cylindrical ring in a ball bearing or roller bearing
Australian and NZ a narrow passage or enclosure in a sheep yard through which sheep pass individually, as to a sheep dip
Australian a wire tunnel through which footballers pass from the changing room onto a football field
NZ a line of containers coupled together, used in mining to transport coal
another name for slipstream (def. 1)
archaic the span or course of life
not in the race Australian informal given or having no chance

verb

to engage in a contest of speed with (another)
to engage (oneself or one's representative) in a race, esp as a profession or pastimeto race pigeons
to move or go as fast as possible
to run (an engine, shaft, propeller, etc) or (of an engine, shaft, propeller, etc) to run at high speed, esp after reduction of the load or resistance
See also race off, races

Word Origin for race

C13: from Old Norse rās running; related to Old English rǣs attack

noun

a group of people of common ancestry, distinguished from others by physical characteristics, such as hair type, colour of eyes and skin, stature, etc. Principal races are Caucasoid, Mongoloid, and Negroid
the human race human beings collectively
a group of animals or plants having common characteristics that distinguish them from other members of the same species, usually forming a geographically isolated group; subspecies
a group of people sharing the same interests, characteristics, etcthe race of authors
play the race card informal to introduce the subject of race into a public discussion, esp to gain a strategic advantage

Word Origin for race

C16: from French, from Italian razza, of uncertain origin

noun

a ginger root

Word Origin for race

C15: from Old French rais, from Latin rādīx a root

Race

noun

Cape Race a cape at the SE extremity of Newfoundland, Canada
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for race
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for race

race

[rās]

n.

A local geographic or global human population distinguished as a more or less distinct group by genetically transmitted physical characteristics.
A population of organisms differing from others of the same species in the frequency of hereditary traits; a subspecies.
A breed or strain, as of domestic animals.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for race

race

[rās]

  1. An interbreeding, usually geographically isolated population of organisms differing from other populations of the same species in the frequency of hereditary traits. A race that has been given formal taxonomic recognition is known as a subspecies.
  2. A breed or strain, as of domestic animals.
Any of several extensive human populations associated with broadly defined regions of the world and distinguished from one another on the basis of inheritable physical characteristics, traditionally conceived as including such traits as pigmentation, hair texture, and facial features. Because the number of genes responsible for such physical variations is tiny in comparison to the size of the human genome and because genetic variation among members of a traditionally recognized racial group is generally as great as between two such groups, most scientists now consider race to be primarily a social rather than a scientific concept.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Idioms and Phrases with race

race

see rat race; slow but sure (steady wins the race).

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.