View synonyms for endemic


[ en-dem-ik ]


  1. natural to or characteristic of a specific people or place; native; indigenous:

    The group is committed to preserving the endemic folkways of their nation.

    The recession hit especially hard in countries where high unemployment is endemic.

  2. belonging exclusively or confined to a particular place:

    When traveling, he caught a fever endemic to the tropics.

  3. (of a disease) persisting in a population or region, generally having settled to a relatively constant rate of occurrence:

    The coronavirus that causes COVID-19 may never disappear, but could become endemic like the flu.


  1. an endemic disease.


/ ɛnˈdɛmɪk /


  1. present within a localized area or peculiar to persons in such an area


  1. an endemic disease or plant


/ ĕn-dĕmĭk /

  1. Relating to a disease or pathogen that is found in or confined to a particular location, region, or people. Malaria, for example, is endemic to tropical regions.
  2. See also epidemic
  3. Native to a specific region or environment and not occurring naturally anywhere else. The giant sequoia is endemic to the western slopes of the Sierra Nevada.
  4. Compare alien

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Derived Forms

  • enˈdemically, adverb
  • ˈendemism, noun
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Other Words From

  • en·dem·i·cal·ly adverb
  • en·de·mism [en, -d, uh, -miz-, uh, m], en·de·mic·i·ty [en-d, uh, -, mis, -i-tee], noun
  • non·en·dem·ic adjective
  • un·en·dem·ic adjective
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Word History and Origins

Origin of endemic1

First recorded in 1655–65; from New Latin endēmicus, equivalent to Greek éndēm(os) “dwelling in a place, native, (of disease) endemic” (from en- “within, in” + dêm(os) “people, district”) + Latin -icus adjective suffix; en- 2, deme, -ic
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Word History and Origins

Origin of endemic1

C18: from New Latin endēmicus, from Greek endēmos native, from en- ² + dēmos the people
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A disease that occurs regularly in a particular area, as malaria does in many tropical countries, is said to be endemic. The word endemic, built from the prefix en–, “in or within,” and the Greek word demos, “people,” means “within the people (of a region).” A disease that affects many more people than usual in a particular area or that spreads into regions in which it does not usually occur is said to be epidemic. This word, built from the prefix epi–, meaning “upon,” and demos, means “upon the people.” In order for a disease to become epidemic it must be highly contagious, that is, easily spread through a population. Influenza has been the cause of many epidemics throughout history. Epidemics of waterborne diseases such as cholera often occur after natural disasters such as earthquakes and severe storms that disrupt or destroy sanitation systems and supplies of fresh water.
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Example Sentences

Hart does his best to establish that brashness was endemic to the company from the beginning, starting with its co-founder, Bill Bowerman.

So far most of that interest has come from either larger endemic advertisers in CPG and retail like Adidas and Swarovski or smaller-to-medium-sized businesses.

From Digiday

Self, an endemic health and wellness brand, has served as a bridge for helping Condé Nast’s non-endemic titles take a step into health and wellness.

From Digiday

Crompton says that while corn is obviously grown in both Australia and America, the fact that it is so endemic to many parts of our food system, could contribute to its recent success here.

From Eater

Yes the audiences in these groups tend to be endemic, they said, but this does not mean the agencies will exclude underrepresented audiences from our other buys.

From Digiday

An outbreak in Madagascar, where the disease is endemic, already has involved more than 100 people and killed almost half.

The findings are unlikely to surprise anyone who has ever worked in a restaurant: sexual harassment is endemic in the industry.

But The Dog surpasses simply documenting the alienation endemic in the 21st-century global village.

Indeed, a condition of rampant, endemic political corruption is known as a “kleptocracy”—literally, “rule by thieves.”

Travel from an endemic area to an under-vaccinated population in the United States is a distinct possibility.

The Iffluenza appears to become endemic here, but it has always been a scourge in the islands.

The agency of their effacement was an endemic disorder known as yellow fever.

It is endemic, and becomes, at apparently regular but distant periods, epidemic.

Unhappily endemic forms of disease went on steadily increasing in prevalence and rates of mortality.

We have not heard of any endemic in Australia; the epidemic has never visited its shores.


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More About Endemic

What does endemic mean?

Endemic is an adjective that means natural to, native to, confined to, or widespread within a place or population of people. 

Endemic is perhaps most commonly used to describe a disease that is prevalent in or restricted to a particular location, region, or population. For example, malaria is said to be endemic to tropical regions.

In this context, it can also be used as a noun: an endemic disease can simply be called an endemic

When used to describe species of plants or animals that are found only within a specific place, it has the same meaning as native or indigenous, as in This plant is endemic to this region.

It can also be applied to characteristics of a people, place, or situation, as in Corruption was endemic in that organization when I worked there.

Where does endemic come from?

The first records of endemic in English come from the mid-1600s. It comes from the Greek éndēm(os). The prefix en- means “in or within” and the Greek root dēm(os) means “people.” So the basic meaning of endemic is “within a certain people” (or “within a certain area”). The same root forms the basis of democracy (government by the people), as well as epidemic and pandemic—which will be discussed later in this section. 

Endemic often means the same thing as native or indigenous, but you typically wouldn’t describe people as endemic to a region. Instead, that meaning is usually applied to species of plants or animals found only in a particular place. 

This sense of endemic is sometimes extended to the conditions or characteristics of a certain place or situation to indicate that they are widespread or occur naturally there. This is most often applied to negative qualities, as in Unemployment is endemic here. This usage likens such a condition to an endemic disease, which is perhaps how the word is most commonly used. 

A disease can be described as endemic when it’s confined to a particular place. For example, polio is endemic in a few countries where its spread has not been contained. Other diseases, though, are considered endemic if they have become established within the general population. Chickenpox is considered endemic in this way. When a disease is considered endemic, it does not necessarily mean it’s very common—it simply means it’s constantly present at some level. 

What’s the difference between endemic, epidemic, and pandemic?

The word endemic should not be confused with epidemic (or pandemic)—but the words are based on the same root, and there are some connections between the terms. All three can be used as both nouns and adjectives.

An epidemic involves a sudden and unusual increase in new cases of a disease within a location or region. Epidemics happen when a disease is highly contagious—meaning it spreads easily. A pandemic is an epidemic that has gone global (the prefix pan- means “all”). Due to its worldwide reach, a pandemic can lead to a disease becoming endemic (as opposed to being largely contained or eradicated through the use of vaccines, for example).

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What are some other forms related to endemic?

  • endemical (adjective)
  • endemically (adverb)
  • endemism (noun)
  • nonendemic (adjective)
  • unendemic (adjective)

What are some synonyms for endemic?

What are some words that share a root or word element with endemic




What are some words that often get used in discussing endemic?




What are some words endemic may be confused with?


How is endemic used in real life?

Endemic is often used in a scientific context, especially in the discussion of disease and native plants and animals.



Try using endemic!

Is endemic used correctly in the following sentence? 

“With proper use of a vaccine, we can eradicate this endemic.”




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