- natural to or characteristic of a specific people or place; native; indigenous: endemic folkways; countries where high unemployment is endemic.
- belonging exclusively or confined to a particular place: a fever endemic to the tropics.
- an endemic disease.
Origin of endemic
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for endemic
An outbreak in Madagascar, where the disease is endemic, already has involved more than 100 people and killed almost half.Bubonic Plague Is Back (but It Never Really Left)
November 27, 2014
The findings are unlikely to surprise anyone who has ever worked in a restaurant: sexual harassment is endemic in the industry.Waitressing Is One of the Worst Jobs for Sexual Harassment
October 8, 2014
Indeed, a condition of rampant, endemic political corruption is known as a “kleptocracy”—literally, “rule by thieves.”Ehud Olmert’s Sentencing Won’t Be a Day of Reckoning for Israel’s Leaders
May 15, 2014
Travel from an endemic area to an under-vaccinated population in the United States is a distinct possibility.Thanks to Anti-Vaxxers, Mumps Are Back. What’s Next?
March 20, 2014
Riding any anti-Obama hobby horse is endemic to today's GOP.Obama’s All Eisenhower On Russia
March 10, 2014
Endemic: occurring normally where found: native, not introduced.Explanation of Terms Used in Entomology
John. B. Smith
These are the means resorted to in regions where brigandage is endemic.The Origins of Contemporary France, Volume 1 (of 6)
Hippolyte A. Taine
One species and its two subspecies are endemic to the Solomons.Systematics of Megachiropteran Bats in the Solomon Islands
Carleton J. Phillips
The first death from fever, or any other endemic, furnishes him with a pretext.
As was to be expected, scurvy occurred most often in Russia, where it is endemic.Scurvy Past and Present
Alfred Fabian Hess
- present within a localized area or peculiar to persons in such an area
- an endemic disease or plant
C18: from New Latin endēmicus, from Greek endēmos native, from en- ² + dēmos the people
Word Origin and History for endemic
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
- Prevalent in or restricted to a particular region, community, or group of people. Used of a disease.
- Relating to a disease or pathogen that is found in or confined to a particular location, region, or people. Malaria, for example, is endemic to tropical regions. See also epidemic pandemic.
- Native to a specific region or environment and not occurring naturally anywhere else. The giant sequoia is endemic to the western slopes of the Sierra Nevada. Compare alien indigenous.
Usage: A disease that occurs regularly in a particular area, as malaria does in many tropical countries, is said to be endemic. The word endemic, built from the prefix en-, in or within, and the Greek word demos, people, means within the people (of a region). A disease that affects many more people than usual in a particular area or that spreads into regions in which it does not usually occur is said to be epidemic. This word, built from the prefix epi-, meaning upon, and demos, means upon the people. In order for a disease to become epidemic it must be highly contagious, that is, easily spread through a population. Influenza has been the cause of many epidemics throughout history. Epidemics of waterborne diseases such as cholera often occur after natural disasters such as earthquakes and severe storms that disrupt or destroy sanitation systems and supplies of fresh water.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.