[ kan-suhl kuhl-cher ]
What does cancel culture mean?
Cancel culture refers to the popular practice of withdrawing support for (canceling) public figures and companies after that they have done or said something considered objectionable or offensive. Cancel culture is generally discussed as being performed on social media in the form of group shaming.
Examples of cancel culture
Where does cancel culture come from?
When something is canceled, it is nulled, ended, voided. Done, over, no longer wanted, like a TV show or subscription. This sense of cancel is the basic idea behind the slang of canceling a person. When a person is canceled, they are no longer supported publicly.
Usually public figures are said to be canceled and after it has been discovered that they have done something offensive. It involves calling out the bad behavior, boycotting their work (such as by not watching their movies or listening to their music), and trying to take away their public platform and power. This is often done—or criticized to be done—in a performative way on social media.
We should note that a variety of earlier slang senses of cancel can be found reaching into the 1990s. (One such vivid sense is “to murder.”) The spread of this slang sense is commonly credited to Black Twitter in the mid-2010s and often over issues of discrimination and racism.
Ed is canceled and deleted. https://t.co/nizgtW7k6t
— 𝐏𝐨𝐥𝐥𝐲 𝐆𝐫𝐚𝐲. (@cozetteclegane) July 23, 2015
Canceling spread as a term and phenomenon in the public consciousness with the #MeToo Movement , as major public figures—from Harvey Weinstein to Matt Lauer to Louis C. K., R. Kelly—were getting canceled to due credible allegations of sexual violence in their past. Other figure were getting canceled for past racist and anti-LGBTQ remarks, such as Shane Gillis and Kevin Hart, respectively.
These figures—and many more—did lose their careers, reputations, or work opportunities after getting canceled. And with respect to #MeToo, many lost effectively lost their lives as they knew them. But in 2019, there was growing backlash against what came to be called cancel culture in the late 2010s. Culture refers to the shared attitudes and actions of a particular social group. Call-out culture is used in a similar way.
Criticisms of cancel culture centered on the feeling that people were becoming too keen to ruin lives over mistakes made many years ago. That people didn’t get a second chance. That social media is too quick to pile on and police increasingly high standards of political correctness and do so in a way that simply is virtue signaling and performatively woke. That canceling has gone too far and simply become a way of rejecting anyone you disagreed with or someone who did something you didn’t like. Former President Barack Obama notably criticized cancel culture (though not using the words as such), arguing that easy social media judgments don’t amount to true social activism.
We ought to cut people some slack sometimes, y’all…like, we’ve all said & done shit that could be co widened offensive/inappropriate/etc. at some point in our lives & all we can do is move forward & try to be better. I’m sick of cancel culture.
— Madeleine•Blom (@sugarblom) November 10, 2019
Others, meanwhile, criticized cancel culture for being ineffective or isn’t even real—that the likes of Louis C.K. still get a stage and an audience, if less than before, despite the sexual assault claims against him. That people still listen to Michael Jackson’s music despite the sexual and child abuse claims against him.
CANCEL CULTURE DOESN'T EXIST pic.twitter.com/Qk2StNsYQT
— noah, a bibimperson (@noahreservation) January 30, 2020
Yet others object to the name cancel culture, arguing that the label misunderstands that people are simply trying to hold people accountable for their actions.
Holding someone accountable isn’t the same thing as “cancel culture.” There’s too many people out here who haven’t acknowledged their mistakes, apologized for them, nor have they gone on to make amends; that are using “cancel culture” to shield them from accountability—do better.
— Ashlee Marie Preston (@AshleeMPreston) January 25, 2020
Who uses cancel culture?
The specific phrase cancel culture typically has a negative connotation. Outside of discussions of the phenomenon as such the phrase cancel culture is often used to complain that the trend of canceling people has gone too far or is too toxic.
We don’t have to call it cancel culture, but we should name the cultural norm of only holding accountable people you never liked, have been waiting to make any mistake, who you couldn’t use, or who you don’t find attractive.
— Dana White (@DanaVivianWhite) January 26, 2020
There is also general process to cancel culture. Evidence of a someone, usually a public figure but also businesses, comes out of them saying something offensive, typically involving racism, sexism, or disparagement of other minority groups (LGBTQ, immigrants, indigenous, people with disabilities). This information spreads online and social media users call for their cancellation, which comes in various forms of not supporting their work in any way. The calls to cancel someone are then often met with some backlash.
Cancel culture can also apply to companies that people object to.
Dave Rubin: Chick-Fil-A stood up to cancel culture and that is why I thought they were cool.
Also Dave Rubin (in the same tweet): I'm cancelling Chick-Fil-A. pic.twitter.com/QFZ1wwuLE9
— So Fain (@sofain) November 19, 2019
This is not meant to be a formal definition of cancel culture like most terms we define on Dictionary.com, but is rather an informal word summary that hopefully touches upon the key aspects of the meaning and usage of cancel culture that will help our users expand their word mastery.