DO A DOUBLE TAKE ON THIS QUIZ ON CONTRONYMS
Words nearby ribonucleic acid
What is ribonucleic acid?
DNA is a macromolecule that allows cells to function and carries the genetic code that determines the traits of a living organism. Among other things, RNA works with DNA to make proteins, which are required for many essential functions within living things. During this process, RNA acts as a kind of copy of the DNA that carries its genetic information outside of the cell nucleus.
RNA also carries the genetic information of many viruses.
RNA consists of one long strand of sugars and phosphates and the nitrogen bases, which form base pairs. The result resembles a ladder with just one side. By comparison, DNA has two long strands of sugars and phosphates, with the base pairs between them, making it look like a spiraled ladder (a double helix). RNA has three of the same nitrogen bases found in DNA—adenine (A), guanine (G), and cytosine (C). Instead of thymine (T), though, RNA has uracil (U).
DNA contains the instructions that cells need to make proteins. An enzyme in the cell nucleus, known as RNA polymerase, unspirals the DNA and breaks the ladder in half down the middle. The enzyme then reads the nitrogen bases (the rungs of the ladder) and makes RNA in a process known as transcription. The RNA sequence matches the sequence from the DNA strand except that in RNA, adenine is paired with uracil instead of thymine, and the sugar deoxyribose is substituted with ribose.
There are three major kinds of RNA. Messenger RNA (mRNA) is created from a DNA template in the nucleus and then carries the genetic code to structures called ribosomes in the cytoplasm (the middle layer of the cell between the nucleus and the membrane), where it specifies the amino acid sequence for protein synthesis. Ribosomal RNA (rRNA) is a part of ribosomes that allows messenger RNA to function. Transfer RNA (tRNA) transports specific amino acids to ribosomes during protein synthesis.
Why is ribonucleic acid important?
DNA and RNA are ancient, but their discovery was relatively recent. In 1869, chemist Friedrich Miescher documented a kind of molecule that had never been studied before—nucleic acid. It wasn’t until around the 1930s that the terms ribonucleic acid and deoxyribonucleic acid began to be used, with the abbreviation RNA gaining use in the 1940s. In the 1950s, the work of biophysicist Rosalind Franklin and biologists James Watson and Francis Crick revealed DNA’s double helix structure. The function of RNA began to be further understood during the 1950s and 60s as scientists began to understand the role of messenger RNA.
This understanding is still developing. Until quite recently, RNA’s role was thought to be largely limited to assisting with protein synthesis in its forms as messenger RNA, transfer RNA, and ribosomal RNA. However, scientists are continuing to discover new types of RNA and more functions that RNA performs in the body. For example, recent discoveries suggest that there are several types of RNA that regulate how many proteins the ribosomes produce.
Did you know ... ?
What are real-life examples of ribonucleic acid?
Unlike DNA, which takes the form of a double helix, ribonucleic acid consists of a single strand, as pictured in this illustration.
Most biology students learn about RNA alongside DNA. Our understanding of the role of RNA within the cell is still expanding.
Sabrina Carrella, PhD and colleagues identified two small non-coding ribonucleic acids (RNAs), called microRNAs that are able to control many fundamental cellular processes and whose inhibition can protect ocular cells from damage.
— BrightFocus (@_BrightFocus) February 20, 2021
"The general director of the Center for Advanced Studies, Angelina Díaz, explained that it is a product that uses magnetic nanoparticles to extract ribonucleic acid (RNA) from the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, which causes the infectious disease."https://t.co/LLHTdgDrDg pic.twitter.com/QZnVQIpjCU
— cecaribbean (@cecaribbean) February 17, 2021
What other words are elated to ribonucleic acid?
True or False?
One of the main functions of ribonucleic acid is using the information from DNA in the creation of proteins.
Example sentences from the Web for ribonucleic acid
I write the lyrics and work with Murv Douglas from Lords of Acid.Porn Stars on the Year in Porn: Drone Erotica, Belle Knox, and Wild Sex|Aurora Snow|December 27, 2014|DAILY BEAST
During the height of his disenchantment, he visited his hometown where an old friend gave him some liquid acid.DJ Spooky Wants You To Question Everything You Know About Music, Technology, and Philosophy|Oliver Jones|December 27, 2014|DAILY BEAST
Eggs, he says, are a good source of cysteine, an amino acid that helps the liver break down alcohol faster.
This at-home blood test kit gives a full reading of antioxidant, fatty acid, or vitamin panels.
The recent spate of acid attacks on women is only the latest manifestation of this dangerous trend.
There are a number of bacilli, called acid-fast bacilli, which stain in the same way as the tubercle bacillus.
The amount of the other purin bodies together is about one-tenth that of uric acid.
Uric acid is decreased before an attack of gout and increased afterward, but its etiologic relation is still uncertain.
An increase is also noted in the uric-acid diathesis and in diseases accompanied by respiratory insufficiency.
Indol is absorbed and oxidized into indoxyl, which combines with potassium and sulphuric acid and is thus excreted.
British Dictionary definitions for ribonucleic acid
Word Origin for ribonucleic acid
Medical definitions for ribonucleic acid
Scientific definitions for ribonucleic acid
Cultural definitions for ribonucleic acid