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Origin of legume
OTHER WORDS FROM legumenon·leg·ume, noun
Words nearby legume
What does legume mean?
The peanut is famously not a nut but a legume.
The word legume can also refer to the plants themselves. These include herbs, shrubs, trees, and vines that usually have compound leaves and clusters of irregular flowers.
The fruit from such plants (the beans or other edible part) usually comes in the form of a pod that splits along both sides—chickpeas and peanuts split down the middle in this way.
Many legumes are widely grown as food for humans and animals. Some legumes are planted to improve the nitrogen content of the soil where they grow.
An adjective form of the word is leguminous, which is used to describe such plants.
Example: My nutritionist recommended legumes as a good source of protein.
Where does legume come from?
The first records of the word legume in English come from around the 1600s. It comes from the French version of the word, légume, meaning “vegetable.” It ultimately derives from the Latin legūmen, meaning “bean,” from the Latin verb legere, meaning “to pick (a crop).”
Legumes are eaten and used to make foods around the world. Some of the most popular legumes are chickpeas (also known as garbanzo beans), which are a staple of Mediterranean and Middle Eastern cuisines. Hummus is made from chickpeas. One of the most versatile legumes is the soybean, which is used to make tofu, soy sauce, some vegetable oil, and other products marketed as “plant-based.” Like soybeans, black-eyed peas are eaten by humans as well as used to feed livestock (hence their other name, cowpeas) and planted to improve the soil.
Legumes add nitrogen to soil through bacteria that live on their roots. These bacteria take nitrogen from the air—which is otherwise unusable by the plants—and convert it into compounds that the plants can use. Think about that next time you’re dipping into your hummus.
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How is legume used in real life?
Legumes are most often discussed in relation to eating them.
To help you prevent iron deficiency, eat iron-rich foods like:
🟢 legumes (like beans, lentils and chickpeas)
🥬 dark leafy greens
🥜nuts and seeds https://t.co/4LwpxjZJwK pic.twitter.com/mD7Br0KBFB
— World Health Organization (WHO) (@WHO) April 21, 2020
— Economic Research Service (@USDA_ERS) July 3, 2020
I can’t believe peanuts are legumes
— anna (@annahilzeil) June 29, 2020
Try using legume!
Which of the following foods is a legume?
D. all of the above
Example sentences from the Web for legume
Specimens were found in the daytime in stumps, dead cacti, and the hollow branches of the legume, Apoplanesia paniculata.The Amphibians and Reptiles of Michoacn, Mxico|William E. Duellman
Peanuts really belong to the legume family, but are quite as good as any kind of nuts.Vitality Supreme|Bernarr Macfadden
Pod, specially a legume, 122; also may be applied to any sort of capsule.The Elements of Botany|Asa Gray
It is thought that the red pottage of Esau was made from the red variety of this legume.Science in the Kitchen.|Mrs. E. E. Kellogg
The Soy bean, most common in China and India, has almost no starch and is richer in oil than any other legume.The Laurel Health Cookery|Evora Bucknum Perkins